Ph.D. (August 1998), Medieval Studies, University of Notre Dame

Dissertation: How the Old Law Showed Forth the Precepts of the Natural Law: A Commentary on Certain Questions Concerning the Law in the Summa of Theology of Thomas Aquinas. Director: Ralph McInerny, Grace Professor of Medieval Philosophy, University of Notre Dame. Readers: Alasdair MacIntyre, David Solomon, Alfred Freddoso

M.M.S. (May 1991), University of Notre Dame

M.A. (May 1987), Theology, University of Dallas

Thesis: The Gospel of John and Neo-Platonic Metaphysics in Augustine’s Literal Commentary on Genesis: A Study in Patristic Scriptural Hermeneutics

B.A. (May 1981), Chemistry, Cornell College